1969 > 1980
The Sigma Group was an experimental group active in Timişoara between 1969-1980 and consisting of Ştefan Bertalan, Lucian Codreanu (mathematician, from 1970), Constantin Flondor, Ioan Gaita, Elisei Rusu (shortly), Doru Tulcan (1969-1978). Its programme was both artistic and pedagogic; its members were teachers at the Fine Arts Academy in Timisoara. The group put emphasis on teamwork and interdisciplinarity (integrate mathematics, cybernetics, bionics, psychology, and architecture in the arts), used variety of media (paper, cardboard, wood, aluminum, glass, stiplex, synthetic materials, photography, film), and was influenced by Bauhaus, constructivism and new trends in art and architecture.
According to Sigma, "If in the past, in a society with relatively stable structures, knowledge transfer from father to son was the dominant model, nowadays we must emphasize the capacity for renewal and rehabilitation. The mutation in education consists of a shift of interest via the transmission of data for the development of skills. The teacher is no longer the sole mediator of the transfer of knowledge from one generation to another, but it is first and foremost the coach of personalities actively integrated into the programming process, the conduct and execution of social progress.
In this situation of education in general, you can grope to define a few elements related to artistic training. Most likely, the ethics of the modern "creator" must undergo a fundamental change since the creator associated with other energies of different domains of human activity; finds the call to invest his intelligence in shaping the entire space where he and his human companions are made; It opens communication "valves" to benefit the construction of knowledge with a polished effort that we have defined as the pedagogy."
/Excerpt from The harmony of creation-education, Constantin Flondor, 1970/
/Photo: Metaphor for Dandelion, by Doru Tulcan/